Galveston Daily News

March 02, 1865

Issue date: Thursday, March 2, 1865
Pages available: 2
Previous edition: Wednesday, March 1, 1865
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Pages 1 - 2 of the Galveston Daily News March 2, 1865.

OCR Text

Galveston Daily News (Newspaper) - March 2, 1865, Galveston, Texas the GllvelteT Daily i S 1 i v T VOL. I] HOUSTON, MARCH 2, -1 it Armluif nCKATK !N THK Kt.1 I C 1SGI L. ON TilF Ul NCI Sl-XATE The Sen.ite resumed the consideration of tbe iv-nate bill to provide for the employment of free nesKWsaml slaves to work upon fortifica- and perform other labov connected with; the "dcfe-nces of the country. The pt'iidins, question being on agreeing .to the sitcom! amendment of the House to strike chase restricting the number of employed to thirty thousand east of the Mis-, siuippi river, aurt ten thousand west of Mr. Oir said ho should vote- against the amendment at the House. Forty oroe? to be emplovediu tho army was the num- ber recommended" the Executive. If eijrhty or out- hundred thousand had boen reeommim- dou. he sh.'nlu have voted for that number. jJut the bill liail given rise to tho discussion of n subject which had excited the public mind mire than any other eroes in the army as soldiers. la his thi-i would be one of the most fatal slops.tliaf could bo taken. He believed our solHiers icoutd fAVri to the tneitsvrc iojuch a degree thai it icmild 'hare :he effect of disorganizing oar army. When the YankT-es first began to occupy our country tbere was Ii great exodus of our slaves to the enemy's lines. This continued until the Yank- ees to enlist the negroes as when ii almost entirely ceased Cut ment it was known ,'Jiat ive designed putting them into our armies ihey -would leave by thr.u- sands. lie believed Ihe nogroea were naturally cowardly bat if it was simply a clioice be- tween entering cue or the other army. they. would so the Yankees: Nine hundred and ninety-nine out of a thousand would do so. Mr. 6rr then went en to show that emancipa- tion was a necessary concomitant of putting nesroes into the army as soldiers, and dwelt eloquently upon the disastrous efl'ect upon, our country that tho emancipation of the slaves woald entail. There was an impression in the country that 3 large number of men were absent from the army with and without leave. If this opmion vjas'incorrect. no one was so much responsible lor it es the president himself who. during his uafortnnata irip ,to the South, made that most unfortunate speech at Macon, wherein he said that two-thirds of that uriny was absent, and of, those two-thirds absent without leave. Mr. Hill stated that tho President never made jsch a statement The report -of the speech was incorrect, and was so the Georgia papers. The President said.that two-thirds of that army of ab- sent: many of them without leave. The cor- rection was made in the Georgia papers, but not cv authority. Mr" Orr repealed .that the President's speech at Macon. as reported, and even us stated by the Senator, most unfortunate speech ever made by any public man. The country, the ordinary newspaper readers, understood him to mean that raost of the absentees were absent leave, which was not a fact. In tfiatspeechhe had a blow at Gen- era! Johnston, saying that he had "put in com- mand of the aniy of Tennessee a man who wonld strike an honest and manly blow for At- lanta: that Sherman's campaign woulil be more disastrous ihan the retreat of the army of the French empire from Moscow. Mr. Hill explained that.he heard tbe speech, and did not understand that President aimed any blow at General Johnston. The whole purpose of tbe speech, was to induce tlie people to recruit and support the a'rmy. and staling what would be the-result if the people would do so. The charge hart been made that the President designed to abandon Georgia to her fate. For the purpose of refuting putation, and not 33 a' blow at General John- ston, be stated that he had placed a man at the lead of the army who would strike an honest and manly blow. If the army of Tennessee lad been reerhited by the return of the ubseft- tees, the result of Sherman's campaign would "hive been what the President predicted. After some further remarks abont.tbis speech of the President. Mr. Orr said Gen.'Johnston was removed from tbe army of the Tennessee, and nothing bnt disaster had followed. All the iden and boys of South Carolina were now in the field to resist the advance of Tronic! inspire confidence if Gen. Johnston were 5n command there. Jtreport had just reached Lin that Gen. ISeanregard- had been relieved from tjie command of the southwest and or-, uereu to command in" South Carolina. This as-' Eignaient would be-aceeptnble to the people of tbat State. he thought that Gen. Johnston' fhonlil be given an important command some- He did not whether (here was much of the army of the Tennessee left. He lioped tbat Gen. Lee, now that he bacl'.been made General-in-Chief, would see to it that Gen. Johnston's talent iindjijgh military.genius EhouM not be lost to the country. Maxwell spoke in opposition to.putting negroes into the army as soldiers. It involved abolition of slavery, lie could scarcely realize that he had heard such a- proposition dis-. ciisscd in tbe Confederate Senate. He did Eot believe that putting negroes into the army would add to its strength, tinfl as tho nmend- 'ttent of the House was "understo'od to tenU in Ibatdirection, he would .vote against ic. Mr. Johnston, of Missouri, said .-WOK as- tounded at the range this debate had taken on this amendment. Tbe question was not whether we shall pui-negroes army as soldiers, .bat whether we shall restrict to forty thousand the number of negroes to be put -at the.rlis-1 posal of the commanders of onrjarmics.tcf cook. 'hive, ihrow up He ;wa3 in favor of giving Generals iLee'and Beaurejfard "whatever amount of negroes they, should find necessary. Another subject had been freely discussed the restoration-of I3en.. Johnston to tta army of Tennessee., Hejiad no-opinion on subject himself -bo1 had no'know- ledge merits, but he'.wonld staff-tbat Missonrian-' of the. army Tennessee Trith whom he had conversed, Vhad told him Gen; Johaslon tbo only roaij wbo could itviv in anyway, of, the warring: She isr'perfeetly, sntisfled, howeyeri.' that ;tbe': warii shall go ion r to. Ion jr. as there'iis. no, immediate' prospect of. the -pver- tbrow -V.of'.tho ,let ,thrtt .-.'Ae'come ;at once imminent, and :we RhalLsbehold thing iwhich thc-Lincolii-.Adminiatr.fttio p w endeavorlng'tp fores tall, -European recognition arid It it -folly to ehiit to the .danger which r presses r. upon the affa tbatj ,w.e Ihave no doubt, will; erermany ftssiiti c tt tangiblu, Hubutantml form IF single hiinded jire haVtr beun tnablcd to stand uu to tfaf'N'orlir la n four ji ars' H rug how rnuuh'morc rmily juill we do so -wbyi in ltd by Franco But I fo one hope the of the South will not barter one ol thelvrlghts and pnvikgta'foi any astis tance to achieve that mdepc nd ncu II wt are true cannoi fall. moment, than'.'nt'.any time it nt-ccsahry for our pooplu to prewmt'a bold anil unyielding Jrbnl, amT'be all of one nccofil, iind, above nil, to heartilv.supporVoiir.Goveniiiient. ire .who ahoulc] no'w .counsel .us to ill ploiriiit- izo, wjiolhur with that of.ptber iiBHoiis.Vis1 afraid. -H'! has not the cciurngu to look tho face, nnd by. meeting it-holdly, lioldly to ovtircoine it. ot thos'e, who being on a wrock, would be moru-intoht.upon than lending nssistance'to Oiir ahjp'is not.t yet a. are rthe'iihip. tight'ifn'tl orfrptlot, inw'all nnd firm, still maintains his post! have to be ort our' itcn their interest to do so Of all this, tint Washington Adminietrction itself, is now fally. iware, iiB-nignltlciintly'" indicated by Icial feelnin. recently put out nt.Rtohmonibj Jacques Blair and other ArgiiH eyed >pie> up ou the land whlclrthev eo ardently covet and which liocoDndenlly pledged to green Bewiana Irsbbeggun intsce- ;cnatttd unkws nod the r- very deurly be invcd and tattood friends oi- the negro tribe Ni> (Hit the .lead. lo: take soundiDgs. excepting -when apprehensive is guUing Into the Coining events, lire indubitably cfuting.ltivir sbudowH (iluxid, Pocumeikts now. lying the writer, render tho return of Lord (the Britieh ".Ambassador) to months ago no uamenning circumstance. nimorofl FiottflcnUon also to W; ihc English and French Governments, "that tbiyi will no longer recognizwr-tlio ghurd agninst -the specious arguments nnd in- sidious ftd.vauises of a traitor, in tlie guise In all revolutions there have been traitors. We cannot hopo to escape-thorn in ours. Meu in high positions; gifted with ability and con- trolling much popularity, may liavu-thfTgrecd of personal gain and aggrandizement more, ut huart than personal or national men have no country. Such a man wns Bene- dict Arnold; -Who'.the Arnold of this Revolu- tion is to be, is yet in the womb of he long bo there. .But one or two dozen, an hundred Arnolds cannot prevent the inevitable triumph of .our cause. Would we have, it aaid of ourselves that we di- thatwosplil onrselyos, that wo aban- doned tho contest for oiir liberty, mercly.bocauso we met'with'a few-reverses? Than history will have been written in vninl Let us reciir onr own bcnefitto the histories of paat struggles like our.own; wo ciust gather from thorn lessona of courage and constancy that would shame even the coward, on to perseverance.and success. Let us not.hccrl tho deapomlont, the'weak, tho timid, but recall to-pur mimls'ojHy. tho deeds' of those' who overcom'o'obstacles. the difference in power or the British Empire, witli all her wealth, and tho soloniea with nil their poverty, England with hor reteran army, her powerful rnivy.and her immensc; financial and other oolou'ioa': with, singlenesa.of purpose, with a determination. ''Tlio' difference, .between onrsclypa and the North' is not'so-greataa that which "existed be- tweon England and the colonies. Onr resources, own limits, are cqnal to onr waste; and they seem to increase the' harder wo avc prosasd'so Jjia't AutsMis we rise from every fall to the" earth with renewed strength. Notice too, tho clilfercncp between what ia said noy 'of the war, and', what .was. aiud'nt tho com- mencement of tKe onr eucmiea. Then, we were to bc-subjugiiteil in ninety days.' .Now, "If, Aotocuer, Qiiftcork'qfalleniptedsitfijugat'uin is to go on, the people oftltt North, will eventually The of the condition of the North: -i, "Our real, serfons; evcr-jproaent clangor is that jf financial colla'pw and a'.resu] ting .military impo- temporary; jn. its duration, may bo permanent .-in its effects.-.Aud this peril sccina to us tho moreVormidable that so very few appear, to.realizo apprdhend it.1' i'hoso.straivs, way-the.wiml blows. I'.wo years ago, no North, woiild have Uurcd make'.the admisaidwjiqiiotccl.- from thcir-col- nmns, in'thia rirtiulol But the resources of tlio' North are not yet ex- hausted. .Should England andJFrancc recognize us and whether we' will or not, thiit spirit which we sknow the" people of the North be arouae'il and more energy, more men, more raeans'will be hazarded in the contest, with the despair of the' unsuccessful gambler. Now is the time .for. us to .be. North will 'prefer to-.make'pcacc "with'ijis.'.nnnidcd, than .do so, it we have the aUUtadoe" of L-.vo .powerful nations.. Now'is-the time to encourage onr oVer- workoil antfovcrtoskcd Fi-ysiilcn him that meed of praise .which ho justly deserves who', finding that those he. serves, applaud him, will ap- ply liimseU' with renewed energy nnd no feeling ol lassitude, to the immeiwe '.-task before him. Now Is the time "Home-Folks" to their faithful and who are to tke. front, of danger. .Novr ia the time ;that all work t'ogctner with one will, omi end in view. Bnt shonl.l tho war unfortunately, last four yeai-n ore, or even a longer period our children's more. children thc.task will bo .ichievo that which, we. have boe-ti1 contending' let os bear Hifch. a briglit record of our with swelling hearts and. choeka tingling pride', tliejjivill cite onr actions to cheur them EDITOR.' NEWS :-rA_ friend has just handed me -the 22il jnst., containing a syrioiJsia of, Cpl.-.SraiUi's'able-letter, ..exhibi- the sounilest anS mpst'coneliiaive argument upon this subject, have yet seen; and having, myself, .hud intercourse; with- the English and French 'authorities, much mor.e recent than that of .Col. S., for the comfort. ol the weak kneetV'.nn'd liiliputiim. tribe amougul us, I beg leave to add -a line; or, two, that out of the mouth' of "two or. "three witnesses -.every word'cnay ;be 'agreeably to the sacred I liSvc npihewtaBJon therefore, tho main, affi lhat and that "bis to fully grand principles upon which; have, long sgo determined to v they-will. never to any; coristrnotion of ever, nor .of This may 1' from SUCH Of. evitnbly: effectni convln; i, American ITnion .what-' subjugation ,ofi the have abstained later., in- n'ji delightedly haa: hitherto, nobly ferlpr jiulvantages of the ren- it bu all who hlt'hcart, thm 5 -KWtth Col 8 and the garrulow old Pre- mier of England Palmerston I aB over strongly Inclined to think that" imaaait there are no I in -.their portjona, eartleeaj' and ooMcquentl j': of Interest; But vliprottbe' oMttnlUnt onger recog r the 4th ol'.Mnrch is UK) by ether, -jijScUlly, If., and France, and at-their res- pective Courts, but more especially by his un- constitutional election by part of tho States. TbtirwUhdrnwtnent likewise, under R-ecch ln- llucncn, of all official recognition of- the Uni- ted States Consul at Matamoros, .together with the utter impptcncy -of. the United S totes Con- sul General lit Tmnpico, in bis blustering, but luiighnbly futile attempt to seize or detain 3 British steamer, larlen.witli arms and ammuni- tion, are .all highly, instructive omens.- Nor are the" gravely -mournful declarations of the New .York Hercld'a corresponpent at Tampico, less so- I have saya" that I have watched these movements, that no plan. has been spared to des- troy.the of tho 'North by Englishmen and ofllcera abroad, to make a sever- ance of the Union, to destroy the power'of the and to degrade, the grent princi- ples of Liberty, putting" the rebels in pospes- aiou of Uie muiiltione of wur, in v return for their cotton, or of fond, clothing, and the more dreaded anil detested implement to take tiway tiuman life." A Vankw. foraoolh, through the New York Herald, deprecating the taking away of human .life How mush like the Devil quoting Scripture, to foil the 'world's redemp- liou f 2. With Col. S. I am decidedly of opinion (hat the-peculiar institution of'the South is with the aforosuid governments not the bugberir .which "multitudes here suppose it' to be, but as ihe mere dust of balance, the patriarcbnl character of that institution being now much better, "and- -more- thoroughly..' understood throughout both England and France, than U was two short "years ago, aJ Is th'e emancipa- tion (alias" deatrnctionist) spirit' of the North also.--Add to ;the brutally, lustful migcegpon- of'the North, a" few Qnakers and half cracked gas-ebarged fanatics-here and there scattered in .England, and you have the anti-slavery WOSI.D before.-you, whose and lecturers (for the wont of funds] are by no means so well paid as Col- S. imagines, or.01 ihey were ftfty or twenty years ago, when that negro1'mania was 'rampant..- Bnt; upon this of that shriekfng -fraternity, tiuies impudently affecting a noble descent and ancestry-, though, di.lfacto, cradled amongat.the poof "old city'qf ,Ndrwicb) now? not 500 miles from Houston, Texas, could much better inform yon thap self-inflated spoiitfir having been in the himself, hours together, about anti-slavery principles No however, did: he reach America than 'he gulped1 the negroji marrying a'pertoh possessing three otfuwjT-nnd thus ol' coiirsei a tious" slaveholder, himself, and furnishing in- evidence of- the puMy lofty alfd sterling principles bf antt'Blavery lecturers Circumstances alter cases Jmtnthut animi jqetio, atque temporo inalis apimphibus. 3. -Iain "opinion, that it ia very problematical to whether any appa- reuVsnccumbalion to old Lincoln's pet or clap- trap scheme, 'hasten recognition or in- lervention a single more than Russia's forty Spain's slave gangs in Cuba, or tfie negro heids of Brazil would in- duce either. England or. Prance withdraw their representatives Petersbuig Madrii] or! !8outh America. -That in unison with their national antecedents, they might in- deed 'inuke a show of! throwing ont hints or upon that subject, ii not at all itp probable, But the igood order, of .society: in Europe, is everywhere top highly appreciate! to .warrant even a suggestion that would; at al .tend to a perilous disruption, In .any other can it for n moment be sup posed that the very, governments .wWeh, in 1844, .were ready and even anxious to recpg .nine the! independenec Jof baa clearly without'tha" slightest' refer cnce to the slave interests of the State, would at7this advanced and more enlightened period 'allow a merely! domestic able tivelv to a national question. vblving reciprocal'jiinteresta ol Jncalciili .moment, and of uiispeakably greater import ancB both ia Europe, and the world at large could possibly have: been twenty yjjurs ago t The man" that irinut be an eilraordinary logiciiin some' strange obliqmty'.or, squint Jn.hia under doinnmKors imiigine tha the in question will at atl'burrieer entire craw About .tie same date; thoT whoppera and V .b'anwd Araiisas bjr latter" unfortunate acbopnen were beoalaul jnst" after eiiteriBgttbe. and .left; at, tlM mercy of almott thehr, valuable cargoBS. The coMigned to -Relchman Co.; of; the llarj several individuals. "j i MT Dmm SIB not "pleaae put the tollowlof in and and-'answerit for J.l''-'-' QCEIIT Are exempted raise sugar, comnolled, ander tell- their surplus of tbat article at gchedmle price '-w 2d, Am exempted agiieiiltnrtate, who own stocks of cattle, coupeHed to tell Ihelr enrplua beeves to' ;Onr own opinion is, ifi ia a plaMkr or stpck-rStawr, to iell caiment 'ill his schedule whether that surplus be wmnr, nK-lawei, or bccres.- If not so -tino we.iian-- not nnderstarid thi law." We have always believed that; It ww in- tention- law to exempt to OWE or W> cattle' in order to enable them to itlll speciiWngVoii their pro-; duchi; and- prices from, familiei and becawse onr.-: IricoB CBuld .by- ml mpport'of onr; hare not now tlwvihiwi fcefqre TM; but ita langniure Is eiplidt that the ahill have all 'such surplus, If It U wanted, and ol couriej.the producer haa no right to any ft ny mao dim not see gtaw ttoi wealthy planter liake'care of beat Pf-. ;